Bloggarkiv

Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter 2.0

So this is such a great update I have to blog about it, I have been in many projects involving migrating from VMware to Hyper-V and there of course many options to choose from there. Alas Microsoft had its own Virtual Machine Converter but didn’t have support for the latest version.

Microsoft today released a new version of Virtual MAchine Converter which contains the following updates:

With the release today, you will be able to access many updated features including:

  • Added support for vCenter & ESX(i) 5.5
  • VMware virtual hardware version 4 – 10 support
  • Linux Guest OS migration support including CentOS, Debian, Oracle, Red Hat Enterprise, SuSE enterprise and Ubuntu.

We have also added two great new features:

  • On-Premises VM to Azure VM conversion: You can now migrate your VMware virtual machines straight to Azure. Ease your migration process and take advantage of Microsoft’s cloud infrastructure with a simple wizard driven experience.
  • PowerShell interface for scripting and automation support: Automate your migration via workflow tools including System Center Orchestrator and more. Hook MVMC 2.0 into greater processes including candidate identification and migration activities.

 

So alot of great new features which should make it even easier to convert Virtual Machines. Also another important factor here is this.

At this time, we are also announcing the expected availability of MVMC 3.0 in fall of 2014. In that release we will be providing physical to virtual (P2V) machine conversion for supported versions of Windows.

Since Microsoft removed this option from SCVMM in R2 release its great that it is coming back. You can download the tool from here –> http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=42497

Netscaler 10.1 and System Center Virtual Machine Manager provider

A New secret from Citrix Smilefjes
Citrix just recently released a new build of its Netscaler appliance and also included a provider to integrate with Virtual Machine Manager even thou it is very hidden from the naked eye.

Open up Netscaler GUI web-console and up in the right corner you have the downloads pane.

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under here you will find the Management Pack for SCOM and the provider for VMM.

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After you have installed in you need to restart the virtual machine manager service on the VMM Server, then it will appear under the Configuration Provider on SCVMM.

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this means that we can create VIP templates against Citrix Netscaler

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It has the same feature set as It did before. Was hoping for something new and exiting feature set but not yet.

F5 Coming with a Network Virtualization Gateway for SCVMM

As a part of WS2012 and System Center 2012 SP1, Microsoft are introducing their network virtualization feature. You can read more about it here –>
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj134174.aspx In terms of virtualization it allows to run multiple virtual networks on a physical network.
As a part of Microsoft’s investment to this solution, F5 is coming with a Gateway solution that can work in conjunction with Network Virtualization.
You can read more about it here –> http://rcpmag.com/articles/2012/09/25/f5-microsoft-network-virtualization-gateway.aspx The gateway is used to connect the virtualized network to the non-virtualized network.

F5 Has already been good at developing solution which has support for System Center (Own integration packs for Orchestrator, MP for SCOM, LB profile for SCVMM) and now this, it will be interesting to see how this works out, and if Citrix is working on a solution like this as well, since this will be a core component for a future Windows infrastructure.

Microsoft Private Cloud and Application Delivery Controllers

An import issue to adress  in a private cloud setup is setup of HA «high availability». There a multiple key components that make up a cloud service, and all of the core components need to have HA because if  one of the core components go down, your cloud goes down. C

The network must be designed properly in order to address the traffic the cloud service will generate. For instance if you have a big service like Facebook or Linkedin you need to have a proper network design in place to be sure that the solution won’t «kneel» on the first day because of the traffic. (Either it is regular requests to the site or because of an DDOS attack)
And as a part of that design you need ADC.

Of  course when you connect to a public service like facebook.com you don’t go directly to a webserver.  A typical deployment for a service (with HA would look like this)
End-user ————–> Internet ———-> Firewall -> ADC -> Pool of web servers.

An ADC can be described as an next generation load balancers.
They include features such as, compression, caching, ssl offloading, content switching and load balacing. There are of course other options as well (Some are different for each product, but these are the common criteria for an ADC)

The largest ADC products in the market are F5 BIG-IP and Citrix Netscaler.
(According to Gartner 2010)

And many of the largest web companies in the world use Netscaler or BIG-IP ADC’s
Like Facebook, Bank of America uses BIG-IP according to netcraft.com and sites like Visa use Netscaler.

(Of course if you wish to try out some of the features in these products, both of them offers virtual appliances that can be run within a hypervisor with some limitations)
F5 also has a nifty flash to show many of the features within a ADC and how they work -> http://www.f5.com/flash/product-demo/

But back to the cloud, when deploying new services in the cloud you can automate much of this with SCVMM 2012 out-of-the-box.
* Automate the deployment of new service.
* Installing the operating system / applying security updates on a virtual machine
* Installing the application or server roles (Terminal server / web server )
* Configure which users have access to the service, so on and so forth.

But of course this will only get you so far, if you have an ADC between your firewall (Which is connected to the internet) and your infrastructure you would need to make some settings on the ADC as well in order to deploy the service properly.

Microsoft has seen the value of working together with the ADC vendors, and because of this you can integrate your ADC’s into SCVMM and with it fully automate your service deployment. As of today there are 3 «connectors» avaliable.
BIG-IP -> https://devcentral.f5.com/tabid/1082224/Default.aspx?returnurl=%2fLinkClick.aspx%3flink%3dhttp%3a%2f%2fdevcentral.f5.com%2fdownloads%2fplugins%2fF5LoadBalancerPowerShellSetup-214-x64.zip%26tabid%3d73%26mid%3d3221

Citrix Netscaler -> http://community.citrix.com/display/ns/Citrix+NetScaler+LB+Provider+for+Microsoft+System+Center+Virtual+Machine+Manager+2012

Brocade -> http://www.brocade.com/partnerships/technology-alliance-partners/partner-details/microsoft/microsoft-systems-center/index.page

Im going to walk trough the deployment of Netscaler connector within SCVMM 2012. And how you can further use this when creating templates.

First of install the connector from the site. Click next, next and install.
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After you have installed the connector you need to restart the virtual machine service.
(Just open it from services.msc)
Then it should appear under Configuration Providers
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Before we can use it, we need to add it as a Load balancer,

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From there you need to create a runas account which has access to the netscaler, and has access add LB rules.
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Then you need to choose which host group this LB will be active for, then choose the manufacturer and model.

Then enter the IP address and port for the Netscaler device.
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Now under Provider we check if the system has access to the device.
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The system will try to perform basic functions on the device like
* Retrieve LBsysteminfo
* Open LBConnection
* Close LBConnection
* Retrieve LBknownVIP
* And so on..

Afther that is complete you can click complete. Now that the Load Balancer is in place and is configured correctly with access we must create a VIP template.
A VIP template contains a configuration setting for a hardware load-balancer for a specific type of network traffic. For instance, you could create a template that specifies the load balancing behavior for HTTPS traffic on a specific load balancer.

In this example we are going to create a VIP template for https traffic where the SSL is going to be terminated at the load-balancer

So give the template a name and define what the VIP port is going to be (since https is over port 443 I enter that)
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Next I choose what type of load-balancer I wish to use

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Click next, now we have to define which Protocol we are going to load-balance, and if we wish to terminate the https connection at the load-balancers.
We also need to enter a Certificate subject name here. For instance C=US,ST=WA,L=Redmond,O=Contoso,OU=Test,CN=www.contoso.com/emailAddress=contoso@contoso.com.
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Click next,
Here we change the settings for Persistance, for instance if someone has the SSL session ID of = 12325345345 and has visited WEBSERV1 before then the user be routed back to that server.
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Click next –>
Now we choose what kind of Load balancing method we are going to use, im going to stick with «Least Connections” since my web servers are equal in terms of hardware.

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And last but not least Health Monitors.
Health monitors are in place to check if the servers in the back actually are alive and responding.
You can for instance add a GET / in the request box and type 200 under reponse (Which is the status for OK in HTTP)  and the device will perform a HTTP GET on each server so see if they are alive and well.

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Click next then finish!
After this is done you can use this template in any service template deployment (I will get back to that in a later post)

System Center requirements

Just thought I post a quick post about system requirements regarding the System Center products, this is because im setting up a new lab enviroment with the 2012 edition of System center. And ill try to blog about installation and setup of these systems and how the integrate to each other. This post is most for myself so I can remember the requirements for each product. This new test lab will be running on a Windows 8 Hyper-v cluster.

  • SCOM ( System Center Operations Manager )
  • SCCM ( System Center Configuration Manager )
  • SCVMM ( System Center Virtual Machine Manager )
  • SCSM ( System Center Service Manager )
  • SCDPM ( System Center Data Protection Manager )
  • System Center Orchestrator
  • System Center App controller

SCOM 2012

Management Server

  • Server Operating System: must be Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1.
  • Windows PowerShell version: Windows PowerShell version 2.0.
  • Windows Remote Management: Windows Remote Management must be enabled for the management server.
  • Microsoft Core XML Services (MSXML) version: Microsoft Core XML Services 6.0 is required for the management server.
  • Both .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and .NET Framework 4 are required. For more information, see the following documents:

Operations Console

Web Console

  • Web browsers: Internet Explorer 7, Internet Explorer 8, Internet Explorer 9
  • Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.5 and later versions, with the IIS Management Console and the following role services installed
    • Static Content
    • Default Document
    • Directory Browsing
    • HTTP Errors
    • HTTP Logging
    • Request Monitor
    • Request Filtering
    • Static Content Compression
    • Web Server (IIS) Support
    • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • ASP.NET
    • Windows Authentication

Operational Database (This also applies to the Data warehouse database)

 SCCM 2012
 Most of these roles require .Net 3.5 SP1 and .Net 4.0
Site Server 
  • Remote Differential Compression
  • .Net 4.0
  • .Net 3.51 SP1
Application Catalog Web Service Point 
  • HTTP Activation
  • Non-HTTP Activation
  • ASP.NET
  • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
Application Catalog Web Site Point 
  • Common HTTP Features:
    • Static Content
    • Default Document
  • Application Development:
    • ASP.NET (and automatically selected options)
  • Security:
    • Windows Authentication
  • IIS 6 Management Compatibility:
    • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
Distribution point
  • Application Development:
    • ISAPI Extensions
  • Security:
    • Windows Authentication
  • IIS 6 Management Compatibility:
    • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
    • IIS 6 WMI Compatibility
  • Common HTTP Features:
    • HTTP Redirection
  • IIS Management Scripts and Tools
    • Remote Differential Compression
    • BITS Server Extensions (and automatically selected options), or Background Intelligent Transfer Services (BITS) (and automatically selected options)
    • Incase of deployment you also need Windows Deployments Services
Management point
  • BITS
    • Application Development:
      • ISAPI Extensions
    • Security:
      • Windows Authentication
    • IIS 6 Management Compatibility:
      • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
      • IIS 6 WMI Compatibility
 Software update point
  • Requires Windows Server Update 3.0 SP2

Site database (have no idea but SCCM is a bit picky on which database version it supports)

  • SQL Server 2008 SP2 with Cumulative Update 9
  • SQL Server 2008 SP3 with Cumulative Update 4
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 with SP1 and Cumulative Update 4
  • The instance of SQL Server in use at each site must use the following collation: SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS.

SCVMM 2012

VMM Database

  • SQL Server 2008 R2 SP1 or earlier
  • SQL Server 2008 SP2
VMM Management Server
  • Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) for Windows 7
  • At least Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 (SP1)
VMM Self-Service Portal
  • .NET Extensibility
  • ASP.NET
  • Default Document
  • Directory Browsing
  • HTTP Errors
  • IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility
  • IIS 6 WMI Compatibility
  • ISAPI Extensions
  • ISAPI Filters
  • Request Filtering
  • Static Content
  • .Net 3.5
SCSM 2012
Service Manager Server 
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1
  • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 with SP1
  • ADO.NET Data Services Update for .NET Framework 3.5 SP1
  • Windows PowerShell 2.0
  • Microsoft Report Viewer Redistributable

Database Server

  • Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1
  • 64-bit version of SQL Server 2008 with SP1, SP2 or version 2008 R2
  • SQL Server Reporting Services

Service Manager console

  • Windows Powershell 1.0 or higher
  • Microsoft Report Viewer Redistributable
  • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 with SP1
  • ADO.NET Data Services Update for .NET Framework 3.5 SP1

Self-Service Portal

  • IIS 7.5 with IIS 6 metabase compatibility installed
  • Self-signed SSL certificate
  • ASP.NET 2.0
  • Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0
  • Microsoft Analysis Management Objects
  • Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010
  • Or Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010
  • Or Microsoft SharePoint 2010 for Internet Sites Enterprise
  • Excel Services in SharePoint 2010 is required for hosting dashboards for advanced analytical reports

SCDPM 2012

  • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 with Service Pack 1 (SP1)
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable
  • Windows PowerShell 2.0
  • Windows Single Instance Store (SIS)
  • Microsoft Application Error Reporting
  • 64-bit version of SQL Server 2008 R2, Enterprise or Standard Edition.

SC Orchestrator 2012

  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2
  • SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS
  • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft .NET Framework 4

SC App controller 2012

  • Microsoft .NET Framework 4
  • Static Content
    • Default Document
    • Directory Browsing
    • HTTP Errors
    • ASP.NET
    • .NET Extensibility
    • ISAPI Extensions
    • ISAPI Filters
    • HTTP Logging
    • Request Monitor
    • Tracing
    • Basic Authentication
    • Windows Authentication
    • Request Filtering
    • Static Content Compression
    • IIS Management Console
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • SQL Server 2008 Enterprise
  • SQL Server 2008 Standard
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